World Cancer Day 2018

On the occasion of #worldcancerday, I would like to share the picture of the youngest #breastcancer patient I have treated till now.

She is a 25 year old, mother of a 2 year old who came to me with a small breast lump which she picked up after reading a Hindi article on breast cancer.

Few things which I would like to highlight through this case:

1. Age at diagnosis is reducing. This was my third patient in the 20’s over the last 3 months. Majority of my breast cancer patients are in their 30’s.

So, if anyone you know is suffering from a breast lump, please get it checked.

2. Awareness is increasing, which is an excellent thing. I am seeing a lot of patients with stage 1 and 2 disease, which leads to better survival.

To help create more awareness, each one reading this post should tell one more person about breast cancer and it’s symptoms (painless breast lump, recent change in shape of the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple)

3. Another heartening point is the change in the society’s attitude towards these patients. Friends and family members are becoming more accommodating towards the needs of cancer patients.

Please share this message to create more awareness.

This message has been shared in public interest by Dr Rohan Khandelwal, who is a Breast Cancer Surgeon at Gurgaon / Delhi NCR

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Types of Breast Cancer – Invasive vs Non invasive

Breast cancer is the most common cancer amongst Indian women. Majority of these cancers arise from the 15-20 ducts present in the breast. These cancers can be of two types, invasive and non invasive. These terms are often mentioned in the pathology report after the breast cancer surgeon does the biopsy. This simple patient information video explains these terms and their practical implications.

If the patient is diagnosed with an invasive cancer, then the patient often requires chemotherapy, whereas, if the patient has non invasive cancer (ductal carcinoma in situ), chemotherapy can be avoided.

To diagnose the type of breast cancer, a breast biopsy is required (tru-cut or core needle biopsy). FNAC (fine needle aspiration cytology) is not useful in distinguishing between the two types of cancers.

This information has been provided by Dr. Rohan Khandelwal, Breast Cancer Surgeon at W Pratiksha Hospital, Gurgaon & Delhi NCR.

Fibroadenoma – clinical presentation & surgery

Fibroadenomas are the most common cause of a breast lump, especially in young ladies. Due to increased awareness, more and more ladies are getting scans done, on which fibroadenomas are detected. In this video, I have explained the presentation and the surgical management of fibroadenomas in Hindi.

 

If these breast lumps are very small, they can be managed conservatively (without surgery) but if they are causing pain, increasing in size or there is a family history of cancer, it is best to get these lumps removed by a minor breast surgery.

As these lumps occur in young patients, it is important that the surgeon removes them without leaving a scar behind. In case you are detected with a breast lump, which is suggestive of a fibroadenoma, it is best to consult an expert breast surgeon, who is routinely performing such surgeries.

For more details regarding fibroadenoma surgery, please click here

 

Importance of Breast Cancer Support Groups

The incidence of breast cancer in India is increasing at an alarming rate and more and more ladies are being detected with this disease in their 30’s and 40’s. 

Breast cancer not only affects the physical appearance of the patient but also has a huge impact on their mental and psychological well being. In addition to the patient, the family also becomes part of the treatment.

Once patients finish their treatment, it is important for them to get back to their daily routine, so that they can keep their mind off the disease. Family, friends and strong support group play a huge role in this aspect of a breast cancer warrior’s journey.

To celebrate these warriors, we recently organised a support group meeting at W Pratiksha Hospital, Gurgaon, which was well attended by many breast cancer patients and their families. 

Greenish Nipple Discharge

 

 

 

Nipple discharge is a common problem with which ladies present to our Breast Clinic. Nipple discharge can be of many types ranging from clear fluid to frank blood.

Greenish nipple discharge is commonly seen in ladies between the ages of 40-55 years. It is common in ladies who smoke and those are suffering from diabetes.

Breast Cancer should be ruled out in all these patients by doing a triple assessment, i.e. clinical examination, imaging & biopsy. Once cancer has been ruled out, patient should be re-assured and if there is any inflammation, antibiotics can be given. In case of persistent discharge and a lump, the implicated ducts can be surgically removed.

 

 

Don’t ignore a lump in the breast, it could be breast cancer!

 

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Indian women now. The most common presentation of this condition is in the form of a painless lump in the breast. Early diagnosis of this dreaded condition can lead to complete cure. So, don’t ignore a lump in the breast as it could be cancer.

 

Breast Cancer Myth Busted – Biopsy doesn’t lead to spread of tumor

A common problem that I face during my practice is that some patients refuse to get biopsies done when they are detected with a breast lump. The reason behind this misconception is that they feel that the cancer will start to spread after the biopsy.

Patients need to be explained that this is a myth and there is no scientific data to support this misconception. Also patients need to understand that it is not possible for doctors to come to a diagnosis of breast cancer, unless a biopsy is performed.