Fibroadenoma – clinical presentation & surgery

Fibroadenomas are the most common cause of a breast lump, especially in young ladies. Due to increased awareness, more and more ladies are getting scans done, on which fibroadenomas are detected. In this video, I have explained the presentation and the surgical management of fibroadenomas in Hindi.


If these breast lumps are very small, they can be managed conservatively (without surgery) but if they are causing pain, increasing in size or there is a family history of cancer, it is best to get these lumps removed by a minor breast surgery.

As these lumps occur in young patients, it is important that the surgeon removes them without leaving a scar behind. In case you are detected with a breast lump, which is suggestive of a fibroadenoma, it is best to consult an expert breast surgeon, who is routinely performing such surgeries.

For more details regarding fibroadenoma surgery, please click here


Breast Density Grading on Mammogram


Image courtesy:

Breast tissue is composed of fatty (nondense) tissue and connective (dense) tissue.

Radiologists use a grading system to describe the density of breast tissue based on the proportion of fat to connective tissue.
The four levels of density are shown in these mammogram images.
From left to right: level 1 (a very fatty breast), level 2 (fatty tissue makes up more than 50 percent of breast), level 3 (dense tissue makes up more than 50 percent of the breast) and level 4 (a very dense breast with very little fat).
It is easier to interpret lesions in Level 1 & Level 2 breast densities whereas Level 3 & 4 pose a problem in identification of lesions and micro-calcifications.