Is your waist putting you at risk of Breast Cancer?

Since last decade breast cancer has been on a steady rise in India. It is now the most common cancer in many cities and 2nd common cancer in rural areas, accounting to 25% of all female malignancies. Increased incidence of breast carcinoma has been attributed to a variety of factors including obesity, decreased breastfeeding, alcohol consumption and smoking etc.

 

Though obesity has been long associated with the prevalence of breast cancer, it has traditionally been measured in BMI, ie the average distribution of fat all through the body. What BMI fails to do is to identify where the fat is actually accumulating.

 

According to a study published in BMJ, a woman’s waist size is a better predictor of breast cancer than BMI. The fat tissue around waist though more metabolically active, increases the production of estrogen in the body which accelerates the growth of breast tumor.

 

What does the research say?

Researchers from UCL University college, London studied 98,324 women of >50 postmenopausal age who had no history of breast cancer. These women were made to fill questionnaires detailing their history of health, height, weight, lifestyle and also their skirt sizes. The participants were followed up subsequently over years and their health, lifestyle and skirt sizes were documented. During the follow up 1090 women developed breast cancer.

 

The result showed that “Between 25 and postmenopausal age, an increase in Skirt Size by one unit every decade increased the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer by 33% while decrease in Skirt Size was associated with lowering of risk.”

 

The Impact

Expanding waist has been associated with other forms of cancer in the past including that of pancreas, prostate, ovaries and cervix. It’s no surprise that the belly fat also plays a role in breast cancer.  But this result showed that the increase in skirt size, independent of BMI, increased the risk of breast cancer and that fat accumulated around waist is more dangerous than fat accumulated on other parts of the body.

 

This visceral fat can do more harm to a person’s body than the subcutaneous fat. Causing increased levels of estrogen, insulin resistance and fatty liver.

 

The Implication

Increase in waist size can be linked with the sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy food habits of this generation. With obesity emerging as a global epidemic, women now have a simple method to check their health and take action against it. Instead of going through the hassle of measuring their weight and height to measure their BMI, women can just measure the size of their waist.

 

With the discovery of this association between waist size and breast health, women now have the power to change the course of their health. They not only have to be made aware of the importance of their breast health but also informed that they can now take charge of their health and change the course of it.

 

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The Intervention

The only way to reduce belly fat is by doing regular exercise and burning it off. Regular exercising not only reduces the risk of breast cancer but also of other cardiovascular diseases. 30 mins of exercise 3-4 days a week is what is recommended for women.

 

By simple interventions like regular exercising, abstaining from alcohol and smoking and maintaining a healthy weight a woman can reduce her breast cancer risk by 20%-30%.

 

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8 simple tips to reduce your risk of developing breast cancer and aid in early detection

Recent data has indicated that breast cancer is the now the most common cancer among Indian women. One in 22 Indian women will be affected from this cancer during their lifetime. A healthy lifestyle can help in reducing one’s risk of getting this disease.
I am sharing 8 simple tips, which can help in reducing your risk of developing this disease and also help in early detection.
1. Regular exercise – at least 30 mins of exercise 4 times a week
2. Avoid smoking
3. Avoid alcohol consumption
4. Over-weight and obese individuals have a higher incidence of breast cancer. Maintain your weight in the normal range
5. Be breast aware – do regular self examinations
6. Clinical breast examination by an experienced breast surgeon after the age of 35 years (annually)
7. Regular mammograms after 40 years of age. Although they just take 10 mins, ladies often decide to skip them. The simplest way to remember this is to ‘gift yourself a mammogram’ on your birthday.
8. If there is a family history of breast cancer, do consult your oncologist to discuss your risk of breast cancer.
#BreastCancer #WorldCancerDay #Cancer
breastcancer
Consultant, Breast Onco-Surgeon
Gurgaon, India

Interesting Mammogram #2

Case: 45 year old lady that presented with a painless, progressive breast lump on the left side of 7 months duration.

On examination: A10x10 cms firm, mobile lump involving the entire left breast was palpable. There were dilated veins overlying the lump with no palpable axillary lymphadenopathy.

Mammogram is shown below:

image

image

Mammogram was suggestive of an encapsulated lesion with smooth margins, probably a phyllodes tumor.

Tru-cut : Phyllodes tumor
HPE: Benign phyllodes

Learning objective: Benign encapsulated tumor on mammogram suggestive of phyllodes. Capsule is visualized as a radiolucent halo around the lump.

 

Information provided by:

Dr. Rohan Khandelwal

Consultant, Breast Oncosurgeon

W Pratiksha Hospital